Traumatic Brain Injuries: Symptoms and Causes

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a specific type of head injury that causes damage to the brain. TBI can be caused by car accidents and in other situations in which another person may be responsible. As a Virginia Beach personal injury attorney, Jeff Brooke has first-hand experience helping victims with traumatic brain injuries. Attorney Brooke understands how important it is to identify traumatic brain injury early on, regardless of the cause.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury / TBI?

TBI can have many different causes. It generally is the result of a sudden, forceful blow or jolt to the head. TBI can also be caused by rapid and sudden acceleration or deceleration. In normal circumstances, the brain floats in a fluid that protects it from the bone of the skull. When these situations occur, the brain collides with the inside of the skull, which can cause bruising, bleeding, and torn nerve fibers.

The severity of TBI varies greatly, depending on which part of the brain is affected. The brain controls not only our thoughts, but also our motions, behaviors, senses, and sensations. Because of everything the brain controls, TBI can have different physical and psychological affects, depending on the nature and severity of the injury.

Symptoms of TBI

Illustration of Skeleton with Traumatic Brain InjuryOne of the dangers of TBI is that signs and symptoms can be very subtle and may not appear for days or weeks after an injury. The injured person may look fine but feel or behave differently. Age is a factor as well. Children and elders can manifest symptoms in ways that are not the same as an average adult.

In any case where TBI is suspected or possible because of a blow to the head, medical diagnosis is imperative. Symptoms can be cognitive, behavioral, or physical. The most common symptoms of TBI include:

  • Mental confusion
  • Convulsions
  • Weakness or numbness in arms or legs
  • Blurry vision, dilated pupils, sensitivity to light
  • Slurred speech
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Persistent headaches, dizziness, fainting
  • Abnormal laughing or crying, aggression, moodiness, or irritability
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of sense of smell or taste

Infants and young children with TBI often can’t express how they feel and may show symptoms by becoming irritable or listless or crying frequently. All of the symptoms can vary from mild to severe, depending on the nature and seriousness of the damage. If any of the symptoms occur in a person who was in a situation where TBI may have occurred, the most important step to take is seeking immediate medical attention.

Causes of TBI

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the most common cause of TBI is a fall. The real risk when a fall occurs — whether at home or somewhere else — is that TBI may not be immediately apparent. Anytime a fall occurs, it’s important to be on the lookout for symptoms of TBI in the days and weeks after the fall.

Motor vehicle accidents cause almost as many traumatic brain injuries as falls. The highest incidence of TBI in road accidents is among teenagers. Bicycle accidents also often can cause TBI. Other causes of TBI include firearm assaults, child abuse and domestic violence, and work-related and industrial accidents.

Talk With a Virginia Beach Personal Injury Attorney

If you or a loved one suffered a traumatic brain injury in a car accident or another situation where someone else may be responsible — such as a premises liability or slip-and-fall circumstances — Virginia Beach personal injury attorney Jeff Brooke is here to help. Attorney Brooke has substantial experience helping victims of traumatic brain injuries recover the damages they deserve. The Jeff Brooke team is here to assist you and your family too. Contact us by phone at (757) 552-6055 or by using our online contact form.

Jeff Brooke is a personal injury attorney devoted to helping individuals who have suffered serious and catastrophic injuries or lost a loved one as a result of someone else’s negligent and careless actions. The Jeff Brooke Team serves all of southeastern Virginia. The firm helps clients in the Greater Tidewater and Greater Hampton Roads areas, including in Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Chesapeake, and Chesterfield. The Jeff Brooke Team also handles cases in northeastern North Carolina, including the Outer Banks.

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